Wednesday, June 18, 2008

history of diabetes

A Timeline Of The History Of Diabetes

The history of diabetes is fascinating, as diabetes is an ancient disease with a compelling story. With more and more Americans being diagnosed with diabetes every year, and no end to this trend in sight, it is important to learn as much as possible about this disease. To understand the history of diabetes, a brief understanding of the disease is helpful.

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, commonly called diabetes, is a disorder where the patient has unusually high blood sugar levels and an erratic metabolism. The high blood sugar levels are caused either by low levels of the hormone insulin or by resistance to insulin's effects, plus insufficient levels of secreted insulin. Diabetes symptoms include excessive urination, excessive thirst, increased fluid intake, and blurred vision.

Timeline Of Diabetes History

According to the timeline of diabetes history, the history of diabetes begins shortly after the birth of Christ.

First century B.C. – Ancient Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia coins the term diabetes, meaning "one who straddles" or "siphon." Both terms are appropriate for a disease where patients must pass excessive amounts of urine.
Ancient times – Ancient Indians call diabetes "sweet urine disease," and observe whether ants are attracted to urine as a test for diabetes.
1425 – The word diabete is first recorded in English in a medical text.
1675 – English physician Dr. Thomas Willis adds the word mellitus, Latin for "honey," to the term diabetes, due to the sweet taste of diabetic urine.
1900 – Based on animal resesarch, Drs. Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski discovered that the pancreas plays a role in diabetes.
1910 – Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer dubs the chemical produced by the pancreas insulin.
1922 – The first diabetic patient is treated with insulin injections, resulting in the treatment team's receiving the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1923.
1936 – Type 1 diabetes is distinguished from type 2 diabetes by Sir Harold Percival Himsworth.
1942 – The first sulfonylureas are identified.
1977 – The radioimmunoassay for insulin is discovered by Rosalyn Yalow and Solomon Berson.
1988 – Dr. Gerald Reaven identifies metabolic syndrome.
1990s – Thiazolidinedione is identified as an effective insulin sensitizer.
2007 – A trial of 15 newly diagnosed patients treated with stem cells raised from their own bone marrow showed that most of the patients no longer required insulin treatment for extended periods of time.

By studying the history of diabetes, science may finally be able to find a cure for this devastating disease.

orijen dog food

The Advantages of Orijen Dog Food

Of all the brands of dog food out there today, Orijen dog food is definitely one of the most popular and for good reason. The concept of the Orijen dog food company is truly unique however, in a good way, as they aim to include the fresh, whole foods that nature evolved dogs to eat and they exclude ingredients like cereal grains that are not part of the natural diet and which are not beneficial for the dog’s health.


They offer a variety of different products, and their puppy food in particular is specially formulated because they understand that by nature, puppies are facultative carnivores. In other words puppies thrive on a varied diet of meats with smaller amounts of fruits, vegetables and grasses.

Although there are a few variations to choose from, all Orijen dog food for puppies is made with the highest inclusions of fresh grain-fed chicken and turkey, wild-caught northern whitefish, fresh whole eggs, salmon, and other ingredients. They make sure that all ingredients used form a biologically appropriate diet without any of the grains or carbohydrates that could harm your dog.

There is also Orijen dog food for adult dogs, and the formula used here replicates the same rich balance of meats, fruits, vegetables and grasses that dogs would encounter in a wilderness setting. This is one of the most desirable features of Orijen dog food, is that they aim to give dogs food that is as pure and natural as possible.

Where to Buy

If you are interested in buying any of these foods for your dog, then you generally can just head to any local pet store and find a good selection there. Then you also have the option of buying directly from the Orijen dog food company of course, and they even offer a website that you can buy from and have the products delivered right to your door.

It is important to also include other health measures including giving them lots of water and making sure they get lots of regular exercise. You should typically take your dog for a walk two to three times a day, more if possible. Not only is this great for the dog but you are being physically active yourself so you are both really benefitting.

We all love our pets, and if you want yours to live as long and healthy a life as possible you will especially want to make sure they are eating the right food as this is what is going to have the greatest impact on their health.

italian cooking courses

Italian Cooking Courses- Sharing the Food and the Passion

If fettuccini Alfredo and marina sauce and meatballs are some of your favorite dishes, consider taking an Italian cooking course or two so that you can enjoy making what you love without having to spend money eating out all the time.

Of course you can not expect the exact same taste as you would at Maggiano's or Olive Garden, but beginner Italian cooking courses can teach you a lot about how to get started and how to make the simple dishes. You can then opt for intermediate or advanced Italian cooking courses as well so as to fall in love with the passion Italians put in their food.

Where to Go

You can choose to take Italian cooking courses in a fancy culinary arts school, at some top restaurants as and when they are offered or even in your local park district. The rates and details of the Italian cooking courses will obviously vary but they will all teach you practically the same thing. How much you experiment with the recipes and how much you want to take them further is then totally up to you.

Some Italian cooking courses may also take you a step further by teaching you about the history of Italian food, wine pairings and other nutritional facts such as courses for cooking light Italian so that you can adapt the food you love with the weight management program you have resolved to keep.

Such programs may teach you how you can make the creamy Alfredo sauce with low fat versions so that it doesn’t pack in so many calories. They can also teach you how to skip the famous Italian bread and instead opt for the Italian dressing on a fresh salsa as an appetizer.

Learn from an Italian

Italians are known for their passion and history with good food so without being racist, try to earn from a native Italian who ahs these recipes been passed on through generations. Anyone can teach you how to make the staples and print out some recipes but the style in which a true Italian will teach you about food and drink will make you longing for more.

Once you have taken Italian cooking courses you can share the love by inviting friends and family over. You could do a cooking demonstration for your group of friends or book club. Such an event will be an even bigger success if you pair it with a home show for cooking products like the Pampered Chef so that you as the hostess can earn free products and your guests can enjoy shopping in the comfort of your home while being introduced to new flavors and food.

Monday, May 12, 2008

gestational diabetes

The Complications Of Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where the person has problems regarding production of insulin or absorption of insulin in the tissues. In some cases, a pregnant woman who does not have diabetes might find herself exhibiting symptoms of the condition. This is known as gestational diabetes. This limited type of diabetes actually lasts as long as the pregnancy and is resolved a few weeks or days after the woman gives birth.

This type of diabetes can be detected through blood testing when the mother-to-be is around her fourth to sixth month. There is actually no other way of finding out if you have gestational diabetes except for blood testing. The symptoms of this type of diabetes can be mistaken as monthly pregnancy symptoms and the condition may be overlooked because of this.

Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes

The symptoms of gestational diabetes are the same as the early signs of diabetes but they seldom progress to the more serious stage because the pregnancy only last nine months. Some of the symptoms include feeling excessively thirsty, frequent urination, drinking lots of fluids. Other symptoms of gestational diabetes are fatigue, nausea, yeast and bladder infections and sometimes blurry vision.

The Risk Of Gestational Diabetes

There are risks of complications when a soon-to-be mother has gestational diabetes. The complications usually involve the unborn child. These complications are chemical imbalance after the birth of the child and some growth abnormalities. A risk of having a low level of blood glucose may also occur in babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes as well as jaundice, low blood calcium and high red blood cell mass. The child may also be larger or smaller than the average newborns. Having a large child can lead to caesarean section birth or the use of instruments to extract the infant.

Women who have experienced gestational diabetes are more susceptible to diabetes later on. They may also experience a repeat of gestational diabetes with their other succeeding pregnancies. Treating this type of diabetes can be as easy as controlling your diet or taking medication prescribed by your medical practitioner. The medications available in the market today for gestational diabetes are safe for the unborn child and the soon to be mother.

The key to managing this type of diabetes is early detection and controlling the kinds of foods you eat. There is actually no great sacrifice to be done since this condition usually lasts until a few weeks after the mother has given birth. These precautions are for the safety of the mother and the unborn child.

organic dog food

The Benefits of Organic Dog Food

Organic dog food is more popular now than ever before, and for good reason. Recently the advantages of organic dog food have begun to become more understood, and this means that pet owners now realize how much better this dog food is for their pets than other food products out there.

Whether or not you have actually gone organic yet you surely already understand how crucial a role diet plays in your dog’s overall health. By giving your dog organic dog food you will almost immediately notice a boost in their energy levels and as well their complexions will improve and their immune system. This means they will catch fewer colds and suffer fewer allergies.


There are many other benefits of organic dog food as well. Fewer digestive disorders is one, as superior sources of grains and proteins and a lack of chemicals and artificial substances makes this dog food more digestible than others. These foods include only the freshest and healthiest ingredients, ensuring your dog optimum health.

Organic dog foods also help your dog to lose and maintain weight, which is important because although you may think a chubby dog is cute, obesity can cause a variety of health problems. Just like with humans, diabetes, organ failure, and back ailments can all be caused by a dog being overweight.

Even if your dog does not suffer from skin ailments you can ensure that they will never have to by feeding them organic food. This is because these organic foods provide better quality sources of nutritional substances and is also more digestible. Because of this dogs are likely to absorb rather than eliminate the nutrients included in the food.

The bottom line is that by giving your pet organic dog food they will have a better quality of life and longevity. What you feed your dog will have an incredible impact on how they look and feel and by feeding them organic food you are ensuring they live the longest and healthiest life possible.

Where to Buy

There are many different organic dog food products you can choose from, and if you are interested in starting your dog on organic food you will simply need to head to the local pet store and see what they have to offer. There should be a decent selection here but keep in mind that you also have the option of going to a specialty organic dog food store.

Indian cooking

Cultural Differences Dominate Indian Cooking

Indian cooking is not all that simple and easy. It is time consuming as a lot of taste comes out of marinating herbs, spices along with the main ingredient. The diversity of the Indian culture is characterized by a wide assortment of cuisine and cooking techniques. Indian cooking varies from region to region which reflects the culture of the people in that region. Broadly, Indian cuisine can be split into four categories – North India, South India, West Indian and East Indian.

The Diversity of Indian Cooking

Despite the diversity of culture, some ingredients like spices and herbs are common in all Indian cooking. Besides demographic influences on cuisine, invasion of cultural groups from Central and West Asia and Europe have left their mark on Indian cooking.

Primarily, Indians consisting mainly of Hindus, are vegetarians. Brahmins, the highest in the order of caste, are strict vegetarians, but Brahmins along the coastal areas of Goa, Kerala and West Bengal eat fish. People of southern India, mainly Tamil Nadu, are vegetarians probably because eating meat is difficult in hot and humid weather. The northern part of India experiences extreme hot and cold climates which explain the rich and heavy diets laced with spices and herbs indulged by the people of this region. People of this region are also meat-eaters influenced partly by the demography and the invading moguls from central Asia.

In the desert areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat a variety of dals and pickles (preserved) are mainstay diets as a substitute for fresh vegetables and fruits. In the hot and humid regions of south India tamarind is an ingredient to sour the preparation and gravies can be chilli-hot. The hot, sour and spicy food is believed to be one of the best ways to fight off the flu virus. In most of south central India, all meals end with a banana or yogurt to quench the raging fire within! Another south Indian staple ingredient is the coconut. Coastal India indulges in a variety of fish and prawns in coconut curries.

The staple grain in all Indian cooking is the fat parboiled rice. The north Indians simply boil rice, while the south Indians do a variety in rice preparations. Dosa, idli made of rice is a staple breakfast meal in south Indian homes. Rice is powdered and steamed into a pudding in bamboo shoots and eaten as a dessert along with sweetened coconut milk.

Eastern India is famous for its milk-based sweets. Sweets available all over India originated from West Bengal. All food preparations of this region have a sweetened flavor. Sea food and delights in poppy seeds is very popular in this region.

Tea with liberal doses of sugar is a common beverage all over India. Filtered coffee which is a sweet milky version of coffee is very popular in south India. ‘Nimbhu Pani’ or squeezed lime juice with water and sugar is common in the dry regions. There is ‘lassi’ sweetened yogurt to beat the heat. India also a number of alcoholic beverages, but having a drink before a meal are taboo and not done during family meals in India.

Indian cooking is an art difficult to master because the Indian palate is based on religion, region, culture, truly the most diverse cuisine in the world. It is not like “English Rice” which is the same across England. Indian rice can be jeera rice, vegetable-mixed rice, pulao, biryani – there is no end to it.

Monday, May 5, 2008

first signs of diabetes

Understanding First Signs of Diabetes

In recent decades, diabetes has become one of the leading causes of mortality in the United States. In most of the times, it is really difficult to recognize the first signs of diabetes, especially in the case of diabetes type 2, as either there are no symptoms at all or the symptoms draw a parallel to other insignificant health conditions. In fact, when you become able to notice the signs of diabetes for the first time, it reflects the advanced symptoms one way or another.

In this article, we will focus on identifying those first signs of diabetes that may even seem similar to common health complication, however, if analyzed carefully, may offer the necessary warning signs.

Increased Thirst

This is one of the major early or first signs of diabetes. However, it is normal to feel thirsty, but people with diabetes type 2 may feel more thirsty than normal. In most of the cases, we easily ignore this symptom like any other first signs of diabetes, simply attributing it to a normal occurrence or dry weather. But dry mouth and an increased crave of drinking water can be the first signs of diabetes.

Increased Need for Urination

This is one of the most common first signs of diabetes, however, not much underestimated like other symptoms. In fact, many people consider this symptom seriously and suspect it as the probable symptom of diabetes. The urge of urination may become so vital that it can make the individual and surrounding persons uncomfortable. If you are experiencing this symptom, you should meet your doctor for his advice.

Become Infection Prone

Getting more and more infections is one of the first signs of diabetes. In fact, many people doubt when infections take longer time to heal than usual. Many infections occur due to neuropathy, a condition characterized by nerve damage. Different researchers and medical documents suggest neuropathy and the pervasiveness of infections as the significant first signs of diabetes.

Visual Degradation

Many people report visual complications even when they are not diagnosed with diabetes. It is very difficult to make the prognosis of diabetes from visual degradation including blurriness or haziness of visual clarity, retinopathy, glaucoma, cataracts, etc. Research suggests individuals with diabetes are at 40% higher risk for developing glaucoma than people without diabetes problem.
Other Symptoms

Fatigue is one of the most unnoticed and underreported first signs of diabetes. Typically people with diabetes experience an increased sense of fatigue; they get very easily exhausted even without doing any hard work. They frequently experience racing heart and dizziness. In addition, their weight may dramatically decrease.


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